Assembly Programming Language Quick Reference

Assembly Programming Language Quick Reference


by Nicholas Janzen



mail me at njanzen@home.com

P.S. If you have any good information on assembly please send it to me by e-mail and I will get it on this page, or the other programming page that I'm working on.

Instructions

AAA - Ascii Adjust for Addition
AAD - Ascii Adjust for Division
AAM - Ascii Adjust for Multiplication
AAS - Ascii Adjust for Subtraction
ADC - Add With Carry
ADD - Arithmetic Addition
AND - Logical And
ARPL - Adjusted Requested Privilege Level of Selector (286+ PM)
BOUND - Array Index Bound Check (80188+)
BSF - Bit Scan Forward (386+)
BSR - Bit Scan Reverse (386+)
BSWAP - Byte Swap (486+)
BT - Bit Test (386+) BTC - Bit Test with Compliment (386+
BTR - Bit Test with Reset (386+)
BTS - Bit Test and Set (386+)
CALL - Procedure Call
CBW - Convert Byte to Word
CDQ - Convert Double to Quad (386+)
CLC - Clear Carry
CLD - Clear Direction Flag
CLI - Clear Interrupt Flag (disable)
CLTS - Clear Task Switched Flag (286+ privileged).
CMC - Complement Carry Flag
CMP - Compare
CMPS - Compare String (Byte, Word or Doubleword)
CMPXCHG - Compare and Exchange
CWD - Convert Word to Doubleword
CWDE - Convert Word to Extended Doubleword (386+)
DAA - Decimal Adjust for Addition
DAS - Decimal Adjust for Subtraction
DEC - Decrement.
DIV - Divide
ENTER - Make Stack Frame (80188+)
ESC - Escape
HLT - Halt CPU
IDIV - Signed Integer Division
IMUL - Signed Multiply
IN - Input Byte or Word From Port
INC - Increment
INS - Input String from Port (80188+)
INT - Interrupt
INTO - Interrupt on Overflow
INVD - Invalidate Cache (486+)
INVLPG - Invalidate Translation Look-Aside Buffer Entry (486+)
IRET/IRETD - Interrupt Return.
Jxx - Jump Instructions Table.
JCXZ/JECXZ - Jump if Register (E)CX is Zero
JMP - Unconditional Jump
LAHF - Load Register AH From Flags
LAR - Load Access Rights (286+ protected)
LDS - Load Pointer Using DS
LEA - Load Effective Address
LEAVE - Restore Stack for Procedure Exit (80188+)
LES - Load Pointer Using ES
LFS - Load Pointer Using FS (386+)
LGDT - Load Global Descriptor Table (286+ privileged)
LIDT - Load Interrupt Descriptor Table (286+ privileged)
LGS - Load Pointer Using GS (386+)
LLDT - Load Local Descriptor Table (286+ privileged)
LMSW - Load Machine Status Word (286+ privileged)
LOCK - Lock Bus
LODS - Load String (Byte, Word or Double)
LOOP - Decrement CX and Loop if CX Not Zero
LOOPE/LOOPZ - Loop While Equal / Loop While Zero
LOOPNZ/LOOPNE - Loop While Not Zero / Loop While Not Equal
LSL - Load Segment Limit (286+ protected)
LSS - Load Pointer Using SS (386+)
LTR - Load Task Register (286+ privileged)
MOV - Move Byte or Word
MOVS - Move String (Byte or Word)
MOVSX - Move with Sign Extend (386+)
MOVZX - Move with Zero Extend (386+)
MUL - Unsigned Multiply
NEG - Two's Complement Negation
NOP - No Operation (90h)
NOT - One's Compliment Negation (Logical NOT)
OR - Inclusive Logical OR
OUT - Output Data to Port.
OUTS - Output String to Port (80188+)
POP - Pop Word off Stack
POPA/POPAD - Pop All Registers onto Stack (80188+)
POPF/POPFD - Pop Flags off Stack
PUSH - Push Word onto Stack
PUSHA/PUSHAD - Push All Registers onto Stack (80188+)
PUSHF/PUSHFD - Push Flags onto Stack
RCL - Rotate Through Carry Left.
RCR - Rotate Through Carry Right
REP - Repeat String Operation
REPE/REPZ - Repeat Equal / Repeat Zero
REPNE/REPNZ - Repeat Not Equal / Repeat Not Zero
RET/RETF - Return From Procedure
ROL - Rotate Left.
ROR - Rotate Right
SAHF - Store AH Register into FLAGS
SAL - Shift Arithmetic Left / Shift Logical Left
SAR - Shift Arithmetic Right
SBB - Subtract with Borrow/Carry
SCAS - Scan String (Byte, Word or Doubleword)
SETAE/SETNB - Set if Above or Equal / Set if Not Below (386+)
SETB/SETNAE - Set if Below / Set if Not Above or Equal (386+)
SETBE/SETNA - Set if Below or Equal / Set if Not Above (386+)
SETE/SETZ - Set if Equal / Set if Zero (386+)
SETNE/SETNZ - Set if Not Equal / Set if Not Zero (386+)
SETL/SETNGE - Set if Less / Set if Not Greater or Equal (386+)
SETGE/SETNL - Set if Greater or Equal / Set if Not Less (386+)
SETLE/SETNG - Set if Less or Equal / Set if Not greater or Equal (386+)
SETG/SETNLE - Set if Greater / Set if Not Less or Equal (386+)
SETS - Set if Signed (386+)
SETNS - Set if Not Signed (386+)
SETC - Set if Carry (386+)
SETNC - Set if Not Carry (386+)
SETO - Set if Overflow (386+)
SETNO - Set if Not Overflow (386+)
SETP/SETPE - Set if Parity / Set if Parity Even (386+)
SETNP/SETPO - Set if No Parity / Set if Parity Odd (386+)
SGDT - Store Global Descriptor Table (286+ privileged)
SIDT - Store Interrupt Descriptor Table (286+ privileged)
SHL - Shift Logical Left
SHR - Shift Logical Right
SHLD/SHRD - Double Precision Shift (386+)
SLDT - Store Local Descriptor Table (286+ privileged)
SMSW - Store Machine Status Word (286+ privileged)
STC - Set Carry
STD - Set Direction Flag
STI - Set Interrupt Flag (Enable Interrupts)
STOS - Store String (Byte, Word or Doubleword)
STR - Store Task Register (286+ privileged)
SUB - Subtract
TEST - Test For Bit Pattern
VERR - Verify Read (286+ protected)
VERW - Verify Write (286+ protected)
WAIT/FWAIT - Event Wait
WBINVD - Write-Back and Invalidate Cache (486+)
XCHG - Exchange
XLAT/XLATB - Translate
XOR - Exclusive OR

Jump on Condition Instructions

Jumps if the first number was above the second number
JA
JAE same as above, but will also jump if they are equal
JB jumps if the first number was below the second
JBE Same as above, but will also jump if they are equal
JNA jumps if the first number was NOT above (JBE)
JNAE jumps if TDe first number was NOT above or TDe same as (JNB)
JNB jumps if the first number was NOT below (JAE)
JNBE jumps if the first number was NOT below or the same as (JA)
JZ jumps if the two numbers were equal
JE same as JZ, just a different name
JNZ jumps if the two numbers are NOT equal
JNE same as above
JC jump if carry flag is set

Note: the jump can only be a maximum of 127 bytes in either direction.

Data Types in Assembly

Definitions




Thanks for reading my quick ref, please don't sell it, but it is for you for nothing, I encourage you to give it away. Hope it helped.